Plato was one of the greatest Greek classical philosophers. He lived from 427 BC, up to 348 years. He was a student of Socrates and the professor of Aristotle. According to Plato wiki, he has written many ideas in philosophy that are still being discussed today. A modern philosopher (Alfred North Whitehead) affirmed the whole theory as Plato has only commented on his works.
Socrates is usually the main person in Plato’s dialogues. Usually, Socrates talks with people about their ideas and tries to see if they believe anything that is illogical. Other people in the stories often become angry with Socrates because of this.
People who study Plato argue about whether Socrates really said the same things that Plato makes him say, or whether Plato just used Socrates as a character, to make the ideas he was talking about seem more important.
Plato opposed the rhetorics of sophism and insisted true justice and equality in his work “Gorgias” and immortality of the soul in “Phaedo”.
One of Plato’s most famous works is his book with the name of “The Republic” (In Greek, Politeia, or ‘city’). In that work, he describes Socrates’s vision of an “ideal” state. The method of questioning in this dialogue called the “Socratic Method”. It’s as important as the content. The Republic contains ideas of Socrates: “Socrates said it, Plato wrote it.“
Early Life of Plato
Plato wiki says, due to the lack of survivors accounts, little known about Plato’s early life and early education. Plato comes from one of the wealthiest and most active families in Athens. The old sources describe him as a brilliant but modest boy who was present in his studies.
His father brought all he needed to give the child a good education, and therefore Plato must have received grammar, music, gymnastics, and philosophy from some of the most esteemed teachers of his time.
Birth and Family
The exact date and place of Plato are both unknown but indeed belong to an aristocratic and influential family. Based on ancient sources, the most modern scholars believe that between 429 and 423 BC was born in Athens or Aegina.
His father was Ariston. According to a controversial tradition, reported by Diogenes Laertius, Ariston continues his descent of the King of Athens, Codro, and the king of Messinia Melanthus. Plato’s mother was Periceke, whose family was proud of having a relationship with the great Arab legislator and the lyric Solon.
Traditional Date of Birth
Plato’s traditional birthday (428/427) based on a questionable interpretation of Diogenes Laertius.
According to individual accounts, Ariston attempted to draw his attention to events, but failed in his design; then the god Apollo appeared in a vision for him and, consequently, left Ariston Periktione without worry.
Another legend says that when Plato was a baby, he placed the bees on his lips while he slept: an omen the sweetness of the style in which he spoke of philosophy.
Ariston seems to have died in Plato’s childhood, although the exact date of his death is painful. Pyrilampes married Perictione, his mother’s brother, who had a friend of Pericles, often served as ambassador to the Persian court and was the leader of the democratic faction in Athens.
Pyrilampes had a son from a previous marriage, Demus, who was famous for its beauty. Perictione gave birth to the second son of Pyrilampes, Antienne, the half-brother of Plato, that appears in Parmenides.
Education of Plato
Apuleius informs us that Speusippe’s vivacity of mind and modesty praised Plato as a child, “infused the first fruits of his youth with much work and love for learning.” Plato educated with the most eminent teachers of his time in grammar, music, and gymnastics.
Dicaearchus went so far as to say that Plato was fighting in the isthmus games. Plato had also taken courses in philosophy; before meeting Socrates met for the first time with Cratyle (disciple of Heraclitus, a prominent Greek pre-Socratic Greek philosopher) and taught to Heraclitean. W. A.
Borody argues that the opening of Athens to a full range of sexuality has contributed to the opening of the philosophers of Athens to a broader range of thought, described the Borody as a “polymorphic discursive” cultural situation. Source by Plato wiki.
What did Plato Believe in?
It was the truth that I loved, wanted and believed. Philosophy, love of wisdom, was for Socrates a sacred path, a holy persecution, not an easy game to take. He thought or said at least that he had done so in the dialogue of Menon, in the reincarnation of an eternal soul that contained all knowledge.
What was Plato’s most known For?
With his master Socrates and his most famous pupil, Aristotle, Plato laid the foundations of Western philosophy and science. Alfred North Whitehead once said: “The most reliable general characterization of the European philosophical tradition is that it consists of a series of footnotes to Plato.” Source by Plato wiki.
What did the philosopher Socrates Believe in?
It was the truth that I loved, wanted and believed. Philosophy, love of wisdom, was for Socrates a sacred path, a holy persecution, not an easy game to take. He thought, or at least said so in the dialogue of Menon, in the reincarnation of an eternal soul that contained all knowledge.
What was Plato’s Greatest Work?
Plato opposed the rhetoric of sophistry and insisted on real justice and equality in his work “Gorgias” and the immortality of the soul in “Phaidon.” One of the most famous works of Plato is the Republic (in Greek, Politeia or “City”). In this work, he describes Socrates’ vision of an “ideal” state.
What is Socrates most Famous For?
Socrates (469-399 BC) was a classical Greek philosopher who was credited with the foundations of modern Western philosophy. It is known that he created Socratic irony and a Socratic method (Elenchus). “Source by Plato wiki”
What did Socrates Teach his Students?
Socrates raised from 470 BC, was born in Athens, Greece. We know his life through the writings of his disciples, including Plato and Xenophon. His “Socratic Method” laid the foundations of Western systems of logic and philosophy.
What was the basis of Plato’s Philosophy?
In his dialogues, Plato discussed all kinds of philosophical ideas, including ethics (with a discussion of the nature of virtue), metaphysics (where subjects are immortality, man, spirit, and realism).
Political philosophy, philosophy of religion (taking into account issues such as atheism, dualism, and pantheism), epistemology (where he studied ideas such as a priori knowledge and rationalism), (subjects such as censorship and ideal state ), the philosophy of mathematics and the theory of art.
What is the Contribution of Socrates in Philosophy?
Socrates’ main contribution to Western philosophy is his method of inquiry, later called the Socratic method, sometimes called Elenchus. The latter can only consider a statement as correct if it can not be proven to be false.
Who was Aristotle and What did he do?
The Greek philosopher Aristotle was founded around 384 BC. Born in Stagira, Greece. At the age of 17, he writes in Plato’s Academy. In 338, he began to teach Alexander the Great. 335 Aristotle founded his school, the high school in Athens, where he spent most of his life studying, teaching and writing.
Why did Socrates Drink the Hemlock?
When his blood touched the plant, it became toxic forever. However, the most famous hemlock poisoning is that of the Greek philosopher Socrates, who credited with choosing a drink hemlock as his preferred means of death, most sources say they drank mixed water or tea.
Why was Socrates Put to Death?
The suicide of Socrates, 399 a. It was presented to his colleagues one day in 399 BC, the philosopher Socrates before a jury of 500 Athenians accused “recognized by the state to recognize the gods” and “corrupt the youth.” If found guilty, his sentence could be death. “Source by Plato wiki.”
What were the last words of Socrates?
The last words of Socrates (Plato) Shortly before his death, Socrates Crito said when he spoke of his last words: “Crito, we owe a cock to Aesculapius. Please do not forget to pay the debt.”
Fact About Plato Death
Several sources reported the death of Plato. A story based on a mutilated manuscript suggests that Plato died in bed while a young Thrace played the flute.
Another tradition suggests that Plato died during a wedding celebration. The report base on the return of Diogenes Laertius to a report of Hermipo, Alexandrian of Century III. According to Tertullian, Plato died alone in his dreams. “Source by Plato wiki ”
How Many Books did Plato Write?
According to Plato wiki, he wrote 25 books in his life. Plato wrote his books in the form of dialogues. Some people like his Books, and Sometimes they showed disagrees about his Ideas. There some essential Books, those we will see discus here.
No.1 is Symposium, No.2 Phaedrus, No.3 Allegory of the Cave, No.4 Apology (Plato), No.5 Phaedo, Gorgias, No.6 Timaeus, No.7 Meno, No.7 Protagoras, No.8 Theaetetus, No.9 Parmenides (Dialogue), No.10 Laws/Plato, No.11 Crito, No.12 The Republic, and No.13 Sophist, etc.
“I am leaving a question here, Did Plato write a book in the sport of Sports?”
Plato Philosophy of Education
Plato believes that education is a means to achieve justice, both individual justice, and social justice. According to Plato, the judgment can only obtain when each person develops his capacity to the maximum.
In this sense, justice means excellence. For the Greeks and Plato, the distinction is a virtue. According to Socrates, morality is knowledge. Therefore, the experience must be correct.
From there, Plato concludes that virtue can achieve through three stages of the development of knowledge: knowledge of one’s work, self-knowledge, and understanding of the idea of good.
According to Plato, social justice can achieve if all social strata of society, workers, warriors, and rulers are in a harmonious relationship.
What does Plato say about Education?
Abstract. Plato regards education as a means to achieve justice, both individual justice, and social justice. According to Plato, personal judgment can be obtained when each develops his or her ability to the fullest. In this sense, truth means excellence. For the Greeks and Plato, the distinction is a virtue.
The name of Plato also associated with “platonic solids” (regular convex polyhedra), especially in the “Timaeus,” where the cube, the tetrahedron, the octahedron and the icosahedron has given as forms of earth atoms. Fire, air, and water, the fifth platonic body, the dodecahedron, being its model for the entire universe. Plato’s belief in the world was that stars, planets, the sun and the moon move around the earth in crystalline spheres. The sphere of the moon was closer to the earth, then the area of the sun, then Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn and the farthest was the sphere of the stars. He believed that the moon was shining through the reflected sunlight.